Having a water treatment program installed is not only crucial to public safety, it is crucial to public health as well. Waterborne pathogens are disease-causing bacteria that can be transmitted to people from consuming untreated or inadequately treated water. These pathogens can be a very serious threat to human health and can cause serious symptoms. In some cases, these diseases can cause death if gone untreated. Below is a list of some of the waterborne bacteria that can cause serious symptoms from contaminated water.
Campylobacteriosis is an infectious disease that usually starts within two to five days after exposure to the genus Campylobacter. Some of the symptoms of campylobacteriosis are: diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. Campylobacteriosis is one of the most common causes of diarrheal illness in the United States.
Escherichia coli (E. coli)
Escherichia coli, known as E.coli, are a group of bacteria found in the environment, foods, and the intestines of people and animals. The most common symptom of E. coli is diarrhea, however in some cases symptoms included urinary tract infection, respiratory illness, and pneumonia. E. coli connected with waterborne pathogens come from human or animal feces getting into lakes, pools, and water supplies.
Helicobacter pylori, known as H. pylori is a bacterium that can be found in the stomach of around two-thirds of the world’s population. Although H. pylori does not cause illness in most affected people, it can still cause infection to children, elderly people, and people with weakened immune systems. Symptoms of H. pylori include abdominal pain and aches, nausea, vomiting, bloating, and weight loss. In severe cases, H. pylori is a major cause of peptic ulcer disease and is responsible for ulcers in the stomach and small intestine. H. pylori can also lead to stomach cancer.
Salmonellosis is an infection associated with bacteria called Salmonella. The symptoms of Salmonella are diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. Symptoms usually start about 12 to 72 hours after infection. Every year, there are 42,000 cases of Salmonella reported in the United States.
Acinetobacter is a group of bacteria commonly found in soil and water. The symptoms of Acinetobacter are pneumonia, and blood or wound infections. Acinetobacter is usually contracted from dirt and debris.
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